Orthopedic Tests and Procedures

Orthopedic Treatment Team
Members of your treatment team may include an orthopedic surgeon, a rheumatologist, and a physical therapist.
Chronic Pain
Chronic pain is longstanding pain that persists beyond the usual recovery period or occurs along with a chronic health condition, such as arthritis.
Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
The goal of musculoskeletal rehab is to help you return to the highest level of function and independence possible.
Injectable Corticosteroids
Corticosteroid injections can treat a variety of skeletal, muscular, and spinal conditions. Some of these injections can be done by your health care provider during a routine clinic visit; others require a referral to a pain specialist.
Fly Through Airport Security with Your New Joint
Some joint implants can set off security alarms in airports. Follow these tips on traveling after joint replacement surgery.

Diagnostic Procedures

Evaluation Procedures
To help the orthopedist determine your treatment, you'll need a physical exam, a medical history profile, and a description of symptoms.
Joint X-ray with Contrast
Joint X-ray is used to examine a joint, such as the knee or hip, when standard X-rays are not adequate.
Bone Biopsy
A bone biopsy is a procedure in which bone samples are removed to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.
Bone Densitometry
Bone densitometry is used primarily to diagnose osteoporosis and to determine fracture risk.
Bone Marrow Biopsy
A bone marrow biopsy involves removing tissue from the red bone marrow to be sent to the lab for microscopic examination.
Bone Scan
A bone scan is used to examine the various bones of the skeleton to identify areas of physical and chemical changes in bone.
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Bones
A CT scan shows detailed images of the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than standard X-rays.
Fluoroscopy Procedure
Fluoroscopy is a study of moving body structures—similar to an X-ray "movie."
Joint Aspiration
Joint aspiration refers to removing fluid from the space around a joint—usually the knee—using a needle and syringe.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Bones, Joints, and Soft Tissues
Magnetic resonance imaging uses a combination of a large magnet, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of structures within the body.
Muscle Biopsy
In a muscle biopsy, tissue and cells from muscle are removed and viewed microscopically. The procedure is used to diagnose diseases involving muscle tissue.
X-rays of the Extremities
This procedure is often used as the first step in diagnosing injuries of the extremities, but may also be used to evaluate other problems involving the bones and/or soft tissues.
X-rays of the Spine, Neck, or Back
This procedure may be used to diagnose back or neck pain, fractures or broken bones, arthritis, degeneration of the disks, tumors, or other problems.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Spine and Brain
MRI may be used to examine the brain and/or spinal cord for injuries or the presence of structural abnormalities or certain other conditions, including tumors or aneurysms.
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Spine
A CT scan of the spine may be performed to assess the spine for a herniated disk, tumors and other lesions, the extent of injuries, structural anomalies such as spina bifida, blood vessel malformations, or other conditions.
Myelogram
A myelogram, also known as myelography, is a procedure that combines the use of dye with x-rays or CT scans to assess the spinal cord, subarachnoid space, or other structures for abnormalities, particularly when another type of examination, such as a standard x-ray, is inconclusive.

Orthopedic Treatments

Joint X-ray with Contrast
Joint X-ray is used to examine a joint, such as the knee or hip, when standard X-rays are not adequate.
Arthroplasty
Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that restores the function of a joint. A joint can be restored by resurfacing the bones, or by replacing it with an artificial joint.
Arthroscopy
Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.
Bone Biopsy
A bone biopsy is a procedure in which bone samples are removed to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.
Bone Densitometry
Bone densitometry is used primarily to diagnose osteoporosis and to determine fracture risk.
Bone Marrow Biopsy
A bone marrow biopsy involves removing tissue from the red bone marrow to be sent to the lab for microscopic examination.
Bone Scan
A bone scan is used to examine the various bones of the skeleton to identify areas of physical and chemical changes in bone.
Bunion Surgery
The goal of surgery is to relieve pain and correct as much deformity as possible. The surgery is not cosmetic and is not meant to improve the appearance of the foot.
Carpal Tunnel Release
Carpal tunnel release is a surgery that’s used to treat and potentially heal the painful condition known as carpal tunnel syndrome.
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Bones
A CT scan shows detailed images of the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than standard X-rays.
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Spine
A CT scan of the spine may be performed to assess the spine for a herniated disk, tumors and other lesions, the extent of injuries, structural anomalies such as spina bifida, blood vessel malformations, or other conditions.
Epidural Corticosteroid Injections
If you are experiencing intense, intractable pain in your legs or arms from inflamed spinal nerves, then an epidural steroid injection might be the preferred treatment to quickly give you relief.
Fluoroscopy Procedure
Fluoroscopy is a study of moving body structures—similar to an X-ray "movie."
Joint Aspiration
Joint aspiration refers to removing fluid from the space around a joint—usually the knee—using a needle and syringe.
Knee Ligament Repair
Knee ligament repair is used when a knee ligament is torn and results in instability in the knee.
Kyphoplasty
Kyphoplasty is used to treat fractures in the bones of the spine in which the doctor first inflates a balloon-like device in the bone to make space which is filled with cement.
Laminectomy
Laminectomy is a type of surgery in which a physician removes part or all of the vertebral bone to relieve compression of the spinal cord or the nerve roots.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Bones, Joints, and Soft Tissues
Magnetic resonance imaging uses a combination of a large magnet, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of structures within the body.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Spine and Brain
MRI may be used to examine the brain and/or spinal cord for injuries or the presence of structural abnormalities or certain other conditions, including tumors or aneurysms.
Muscle Biopsy
In a muscle biopsy, tissue and cells from muscle are removed and viewed microscopically. The procedure is used to diagnose diseases involving muscle tissue.
Rotator Cuff Repair
If the rotator cuff is injured, it may need to be repaired surgically. This may include shaving off bone spurs that are pinching the shoulder, or repairing torn tendons or muscles.
Myelogram
A myelogram, also known as myelography, is a procedure that combines the use of dye with x-rays or CT scans to assess the spinal cord, subarachnoid space, or other structures for abnormalities, particularly when another type of examination, such as a standard x-ray, is inconclusive.
X-rays of the Extremities
This procedure is often used as the first step in diagnosing injuries of the extremities, but may also be used to evaluate other problems involving the bones and/or soft tissues.
X-rays of the Spine, Neck, or Back
This procedure may be used to diagnose back or neck pain, fractures or broken bones, arthritis, degeneration of the disks, tumors, or other problems.